I have really thought about not doing this post but decided to it because this blog is about what I see in the world. On October 16, 1968 at Mexico City Olympics, Tommie Smith won the Olympic 200 meters in a world-record time of 19.83 seconds. Peter Norman of Australia was second and American John Carlos was third. On the medal stand, Smith and Carlos raised their fist in a Black Power salute protesting America's treatment of African-Americans. They were expelled from the Olympics and banned from the Olympics for life.
People don't know is that Smith and Carlos were members of the Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR) which was started in October of 1967. The aim of the organization was to protest against racial segregation in the United States and throughout the world and racism in sports in general. Even though OPHR was primarly an African-American organization white athletes such as Peter Norman and member of the Harvard Rowing Team back them.
Both Tommie Smith and John Carlos along with the 1968 Olympic 400 meter Champion Lee Evans were products of San Jose St. which was known as "Speed City". The Unversity was producing the nation's best sprinters. Dr. Harry Edwards who founded OPHR had been a discus thrower at San Jose St. and a graduate of the college and was a part-time instructor at SJSU at the time.
In honor of the 50th anniversary of the event, San Jose St. put together an exhibit detailing the events of the protest and I decided to dig into their achrives to learn about it:
|An Olympic Flag signed by the 1968 U.S. Track Team|
|The San Jose Mecury News the day after|
|A letter from IOC president Avery Bundrige complaining about pictures of the protest being used in the official Mexico City Olympic film a year after the protest|
|The Olmpic Project for Human Rights mission statement|
|Picture of some the athletes that supported OPHR taken in Ocotber 1967. The three athletes in front are Muhammad Ali, Jim Brown and a young Lew Alcindor (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar)|
|1968 picture with Lee Evans, Dr.Harry Edwards and John Carlos|
There has been much debate whether or not if Norman was ostracized by the Australian Olympic Committee over his actions but in 2012 (six years after his death) Australian House of Representives issued a formal apology to Norman.
The famed photographer John Dominis took this historic picture of the protest:
On October 17th, 2003, San Jose St. unveiled a statue in the middle of the campus commemorating the protest:
Norman is not included in the statue (he was invited to deliver a speech at the ceremony) as the empty podium spot is designed for people to "take a stand"